The CBD market is young and booming. It is an unregulated market, which means “buyer beware”. But what are you supposed to watch out for?
Don’t worry, here at
Pet Shop Joy CBD
we support you! Here are the top 10 things you should know when buying CBD.
1. THC legal limits
Make sure your product is
! By federal law, it must contain less than 0.3 percent THC by dry weight. The best way to verify this is to look at the lab reports (see #2 below). The explosion in the CBD market also means that there are unscrupulous people out there. CBD has been removed from the DEA’s list of controlled substances, but THC is still there.
Apart from the legal issue, why should your product contain less than 0.3 percent THC? One of the first reasons is that THC has intoxicating or psychoactive effects, which can affect your behavior and, frankly, your safety!
purchasing CBD oil
Before you buy CBD oil, make sure it has been independently tested by a qualified ISO-certified laboratory.
This is important for several reasons:
- It lets you know that the company trusts your product.
- Do you know exactly how much CBD is in the product
- You can be sure that it contains no more than 0.3 percent THC by weight (dry mass).
- Do you know how much CBD you get in a single serving or dose?
- Do you know if they test for heavy metals, pesticides, herbicides and microbial contaminants?
Lab reports should be easily accessible for each product, not hidden in the background of the website.
You should also verify that the laboratory is accredited and authorized. If that information is not clear, there should be a number or email to inquire about your accreditation and licensing. Each state may also have a list of accredited laboratories.
You should also make sure that the laboratory analysis is recent. CBD can be a very stable product, but the fresher the better.
Finally, make sure that laboratory tests for heavy metals and other contaminants must meet the requirements of the state in which they are found. Remember, hemp can absorb heavy metals and become infested with mold, fungi and microbes. You’ll want to verify that lab testing for those things, as well as for residual solvents and pesticides.
3. Decide for yourself: full spectrum or broad spectrum
Both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD contain over 100 different cannabinoids, but full-spectrum extracts may also contain some cannabinoids.
full-spectrum extracts may also contain some THC.
The amount of the product is still below the legal limit of 0.3 percent, but in measurable quantities. Depending on your condition, your particular situation and your goals, full-spectrum extracts may not be best for you.
For example, if you live in a state where cannabis products are not legally available, you may be violating those laws because of THC; it can be a pretty murky area. Also, if you work in a place where random drug testing may occur, you may get a positive test after using a full-spectrum product.
THC is contraindicated in persons at risk for certain psychiatric disorders, including personality, addiction and psychotic disorders. THC can also interact with several different prescription drugs, with potentially serious adverse effects (see #4).
Broad-spectrum extracts are those from which THC has been removed. leaving CBD and other cannabinoids behind. Broad-spectrum CBD seems to be gaining popularity, possibly because of some of the potential problems with full-spectrum extracts.
4. Potential for interactions
CBD can interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). After all, that’s what you’re supposed to do. However, almost anything can interact with pharmaceuticals: foods, vitamins, minerals and herbal products. CBD is a safe product when used correctly, but if you are taking any of the medications listed (the list only includes those with significant interactions), talk to your doctor first.
Most of the time, the potency of CBD is too low to affect the drug while giving you the benefits you are looking for, but sometimes combining CBD with these drugs can cause changes in how the drug works, increasing or decreasing its effects. . Here is the list of medications that may interact with CBD:
5. Where and how was hemp grown?
The hemp plant is where it all begins. The quality of CBD depends on where and how the plant was grown.
All plants obtain nutrients from the soil and produce energy from the sun. To obtain the highest quality plant, the soil in which the hemp plant was grown must be of high quality and preferably organic, meaning that no pesticides, herbicides or residual chemicals, including plant hormones, were added to the soil. That is one of the reasons why we analyze for pesticide residues in laboratory results.
In general, hemp grown in the U.S. under organic and sustainable conditions produces the highest quality plants and the highest quality CBD. The farm does not necessarily have to be USDA certified organic, because that takes many years, a lot of paperwork and is expensive. But you do want to know that those who grow hemp use organic methods, ensure proper soil conditions, do not use GMO products and use only natural pest control methods.
You also want to verify that the company producing the CBD owns the farm or has a very close relationship with the farmers. The company should be able to trace a plant from farm to bottle.
6. How is CBD extracted from hemp?
Currently, there are only a few acceptable ways to extract CBD and other cannabinoids from the hemp plant.
. The first is based on the traditional alcohol extraction method, in which the dried parts of the plant are immersed in alcohol and the cannabinoids and terpenes are dissolved in the alcohol. Another method is to use a carrier oil such as hemp seed oil or coconut oil to dissolve the cannabinoids.
In either the ethanol or carrier oil method, the plant must first be decarboxylated, which is done by heating the material. The disadvantage of these two methods can be considered an advantage for those seeking more THC (decarboxylation tends to produce more THC), but a disadvantage when less THC and more CBD is desired. A third method using organic solvents such as benzene, acetone or hexane is not recommended because they can be difficult to remove and are carcinogenic.
The extraction with CO 2 is slightly more expensive, but avoids the drawbacks of alcohol and carrier oil methods. The extraction can be adjusted so that little or no THC is extracted in the final product. It can also be adjusted to retain all the potentially beneficial terpenes of the hemp plant. It is likely that CO2 extraction become the most common method of extraction. .
7. Which delivery method is best for you?
The answer to this question depends on your objectives and circumstances. There are three delivery methods:
- Oils, tinctures, capsules and gummies fall into this category. In general, these are the paths to follow when you have a general problem that you want to improve. All take approximately the same time to absorb (30-45 minutes) and the effects can last for hours. With oils and tinctures, you can speed up absorption by allowing the liquid to remain under the tongue for about 60 seconds.
- This is the fastest
but it is generally not recommended.
- This is the fastest
- Topical creams and lotions are ideal for specific and localized problems.
8. Company reputation
As we said at the beginning, the CBD market has exploded and continues to grow at a rapid pace. In the U.S., the regulatory system lags far behind the market. Unfortunately, this opens the door to shady operators and get-rich-quick scammers.
The best way to check a company’s reputation is to look at reviews, see how easy it is to find information about a company, whether they produce lab reports that are easily accessible, and whether they have an easy way to contact their customer service department and are available to answer your questions. None of these is a guarantee, but they can give you a better idea if the company is someone worth dealing with, and someone you want to deal with.
9. Know your state’s laws
The 2018 Farm Bill removed CBD from the DEA’s list of controlled substances, but at the federal level, we are still awaiting guidance from the FDA. At the state level, you want to make sure that buying CBD online and in person is legal. See
for the most up-to-date information.
Depending on how you make your living, you should be aware that you may test positive on some drug test panels, depending on the type of assay used. The reasons? If you used CBD that was not tested by an outside lab, you may get more THC than you thought.
Another reason is that the test may be giving a false positive, or other cannabinoids that are not psychoactive may give a positive result. CBN or cannabinol is one of those cannabinoids that can cross-react with THC in some tests. If your job depends on you passing a drug test, be sure to buy high-quality CBD that does not contain THC.
Are there any added ingredients and are they there for a reason?
Some companies are adding all kinds of additional ingredients: melatonin, lemon balm for relaxation, theanine or ginger for energy, etc. You may or may not want these, but you only want natural ingredients.
MCT oil, which is a natural extract, is added as a carrier oil and has some reported benefits. You may see other ingredients such as lecithin, glycerin and stevia. You may also see “hemp extract” or “hemp seed oil” as an ingredient, and these are also fine.