Cannabidiol ( CBD ) is available in several different strains. These strains have different aromas and, therefore, give you different experiences. The most common scents include berries, mint and pine.
Cannabis itself has a unique aroma, which many find overpowering, although others may find this smell quite pleasant and even relaxing. Like any other plant, cannabis has several components that contribute to its flavor and aroma. These components are called terpenes.
Terpenes come from small resin glands in cannabis flowers. Some terpenes contribute to the citrus aroma of certain cannabis strains; others lead to sweet and fruity tones. You may find cannabis with terpenes that have a lavender aroma or something more earthy and spicy. Some strains may even remind you of cheese!
The cannabis plant has about 80 to 100 terpenes that are unique to it. With cannabinoids and other chemicals combining in the right way, it is not surprising that the cannabis plant is gaining so much success in the marketplace.
Terpenes have played a vital role in your life even if you didn’t realize it. In short, terpenes are what make an orange or lemon smell citrusy, or a pineapple smell so clean and fresh. If your lavender bath salts relax you, it’s the terpenes that work their magic.
We can think of terpenes as the chemicals within a growing thing that determine what kind of smell they have. They also help to determine the properties and qualities of these plants.
While cannabinoids are important, terpenes play an influential role in the properties of cannabis. Both elements work together in cannabis, a phenomenon called the entourage effect. This means that THC, CBD and other cannabinoids work together with many other compounds, including terpenes, to give you a more holistic experience.
While a THC or CBD-based oil will give you some of the effects you desire, it is probably much more effective to consider whole plant therapy. After all, using the whole plant has been the most common way so far. We need to look closely at the use of all terpenes and other compounds in the cannabis plant.
Terpenes can also minimize or intensify the effects of cannabinoids. If you have used cannabis strains often enough, you may have noticed that two seemingly similar strains produce different results. One might give you an energy boost, while the other might relax you. This is just another aspect of the combined entourage effect of terpenes and cannabinoids.
As of now, we know approximately 20,000 terpenes in various plants. Cannabis contains more than one hundred of these. Many terpenes that are present in cannabis are also present in various other places in nature. However, some terpenes in the cannabis plant are unique due to their high concentrations. We will discuss the most relevant of these below.
Myrcene is found in fruits such as mangoes and is the main terpene you can find in cannabis. In some plants, myrcene constitutes about 65 percent of their terpene content.
Whether myrcene is present or not determines whether we can call a variety sativa or indica. More than 0.5 percent of myrcene makes the plant indica, while less indicates sativa. This terpene is what gives marijuana its unique aroma as well as its famous relaxing properties.
This is the terpene with the second highest levels in cannabis. It is also found in many citrus fruits and contributes to that distinctive citrus aroma. However, it may not be present in all cannabis strains.
The terpene limonene has extraordinary properties, including antifungal and antibacterial elements. Because of its delicious aroma, you will find it in many cosmetics and cleaning products. Many people use strains with this terpene to lower their stress levels and improve their mood.
The name of this terpene gives us a clue about its odor. That’s right, we can find high levels of pinene terpenes in pine trees. This is where pine needles get their fragrance.
This particular terpene is available in two varieties: alpha and beta. The alpha is what creates that unique pine scent. The beta version gives us a smell of rosemary or reminiscent of parsley or dill. Pinene has been used in herbal treatments for centuries.
This terpene gives lavender its relaxing effects and is what makes lavender so popular for stress relief. Linalool also helps to lift the mood and improve the feeling of well-being.
This is a terpene with a spicy, woody and spicy aroma. It is found in substances such as cinnamon and pepper. Studies indicate that this humble terpene may be instrumental in improving health.
Several varieties of cannabis help to increase appetite. However, strains with humulene have the opposite effect. Therefore, you should look for where to buy CBD oil with or without humulene if this is a problem for you. In nature, this terpene is found in substances such as basil, cloves and hops.
Cannabis has about one hundred terpenes, all with unique effects. With the proper cultivation of strains with certain terpenes, growers achieve strains specially designed to provide certain benefits.
The difference between terpenes and cannabinoids
We now know that terpenes and cannabinoids work together in the cannabis plant. But what are the real differences between the two? The names of these two components are buzzwords in the cannabis industry and each has its own purpose. While the two may be similar in some respects, they are also quite different.
Most people are familiar with cannabinoids, although they may not have heard of terpenes. More than 60 of the compounds in cannabis consist of cannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids can be found in the female buds of the plant. These interact with the receptors of the cannabinoid system in the human body.
Terpenes are what give the plant its distinctive flavor and aroma. Each cannabis strain has its own terpene profile that works with its cannabinoids.
The location of cannabinoids and terpenes
Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds that come from cannabis and hemp. These interact directly with our endocannabinoid receptors . They develop in the resin glands or trichomes of the cannabis plant. This means that they are present in both flowers and leaves.
Aromatic compounds called terpenes also develop in the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. They are hydrocarbons that are also available in the essential oils of any plant.
More about the Entourage effect
The entourage effect occurs when the cannabinoids and terpenes in the cannabis plant work together. The entourage effect refers to the belief that we can obtain all the benefits of cannabis use by using all or most of its compounds. As many of these natural components as possible should be present. This creates an optimal product and gives you the best CBD experience.
However, some may want to avoid the THC found in full-spectrum CBD products altogether, for obvious reasons. That is why broad-spectrum CBD has gained popularity.
If you go to a reputable CBD oil manufacturer, you can be sure that they take care in manufacturing their products. Extraction, harvesting and growth play an important role in retaining that natural balance. If you want to be sure you are getting the entourage effect, you should consult third-party laboratory reports of a brand’s products. These should show a strong terpene and cannabinoid profile.
The interaction of terpenes with CBD
When terpenes interact with CBD oils, the outcome may be too complicated to predict accurately. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that the investigation is still ongoing.
Terpenes can also help CBD to pass through the whole body and produce its maximum effect. If the terpene has a pharmacokinetic effect, the availability of CBD oil will likely increase. This makes it easier for them to penetrate hard-to-reach tissues, especially the brain.
Addition of terpenes to CBD
Some experienced cannabis users may consider adding terpenes to CBD oil to get the experience they desire.
It is possible to achieve this by purchasing pure terpenes online and adding them to your CBD oils. Some terpene formulations can also be tailored to your specific needs. Usually, you will only need to add a few drops to a full bottle. However, care should be taken when following the terpene guidance provided by the company. Like essential oils, terpenes are not for undiluted consumption.
Using cannabis effectively means that we need to understand all of its components. Because terpenes play such an important role, cannabis enthusiasts should educate themselves about them before using them for a customized effect.
Scientific studies are seeing rapid advances in this area. It’s time to get familiar with terpenes and see how they can make your CBD experience the best it can be. However, it is advisable to conduct extensive research before choosing the right terpenes to add to your CBD oil. In addition, you should confirm the dosage with your doctor before combining terpenes with CBD.